On 16 March 2014, Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) won 48.4% of the seats in parliament. Next to them, only three parties surpassed the threshold of 5%: Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) 13.5%, Democratic Party (DS) 6%, and the coalition around former President Boris Tadić 5,7%. The current President Tomislav Nikolić, former leader of SNS, is in power since May 2012. On the 1st of March 2012, Serbia obtained the candidate status for the EU after the submission for its application in December 2009. Serbia has made progress in meeting the political criteria and addressing key European Partnership priorities in the last years.
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- 7,098,247 million (World Bank 2015 est.)
- Governmental Type:
- Ruling Coalition:
- SNS, SPS, SDPS, PS, PUPS
- Last Elections:
- 24 April 2016 (parliamentary elections)
- Next Elections:
- 2017 (presidential elections)
- Sister Parties:
- Democratic Party, (DS), Social Democratic Party (SDS)
EU candidate status
After ten rounds of talks between in April 2013 Belgrade and Pristina signed a historic deal mediated by Brussels, normalizing relations, opening their way towards EU integration and granting Serb majority municipalities in Kosovo broad powers in education, health care and spatial planning. The implementation of the deal on the ground remains a major challenge. The agreement had positive effects for Serbia and Kosovo with regard to the EU integration. Serbia opened the accession negotiations, while Kosovo signed its first agreement with the EU that should lead to the Stabilisation and Association Agreement.
As a result of the breakthrough with Kosovo, the Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the EU and Serbia entered into force in September 2013. Three months later the Council adopted the negotiating framework, wherefore Serbia could hold the first Intergovernmental Conference on 21 January 2014. This date marks the formal start of the accession negotiations.
Early parliamentary elections
On 30 January 2014 Serbian president Tomislav Nikolić called early parliamentary elections. According to the president “Serbia shall certainly get a government with more energy and enthusiasm and released from problems that this government has solved.” The coalition government, SNS is the main party, explained its request for early elections by the need to ensure ‘as wide as possible support for accelerated reforms and modernization of Serbia’. However, the fact that SNS was skyrocketing in all polls (above 40%) is considered as crucial factor for SNS to go to the polls and having its leader Aleksandar Vučić return as Prime Minister.
Former President formed new party in 2014
On 30 January 2014 former President of Serbia Boris Tadić resigned as honorary president of the Democratic Party (DS), splitting the vote on the center-left. Tadić said he decided to leave because of disagreements with the direction in which the Democrats were heading under the new leadership. DS was at that moment looking for a potential coalition with the New Party (Nova Stranka) led by Zoran Živković, a former member of the DS who has accused Tadić of being a mafia lord. After his resignation Tadić started his own party: New Democratic party (NDS). In early 2014 the NDS signed a political cooperation with the Greens and therefore have a new name: NDS-Z. With this party Tadić and the League of Social Democrats of Vojvoodina (LSV) Tadić won enough votes in the parliamentary elections of 2014 to pass the threshold.
On 20 May 2012, SNS leader Tomislav Nikolić won the presidential runoff against the leader of the Democrats Boris Tadić in the second round of the presidential elections. It was predicted that Tadić would win as he was leading in polls and came out first in the first round. According to the preliminary results of the Center for Free Elections and Democracy, CeSID, Tomislav Nikolić won 49.8% and Boris Tadić 47%. CeSID Program Director Marko Blagojević told at a press conference that a total voter turnout had been 46.3%, which is less than in any elections since 2004. Only in Vojvodina Tadić gained more votes – 52.2%, while Nikolić got 44.2% of the vote. Outgoing President Tadić served as Serbia's president for two mandates since 2004.
Leader Socialist party of Serbia (SPS) and minister of foreign affairsRead biography
Leader Democratic Party (DS)Read biography
Leader New Democratic Party (NDS)Read biography
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- European Commission Serbia and Montenegro - Stabilisation and Association Report 2004
- European Union’s external relation’s with Serbia and Montenegro
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- Election Guide
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